How can I know if my child’s brain is healthy and developing normally? If he or she is having problems with learning or behavior could it have something to do with brain health? If so, how do I find out the cause and what will make it better?
Learning, cognitive development and emotional maturation require a healthy brain. So does growing up to be a happy well-adjusted adult. What does science tell us are the ‘ingredients’ necessary for a healthy brain? How do we reliably know if our children have them? What science-based (‘evidence-based’) help is available for remediation when necessary?
There is a large body of scientific evidence indicating that the commonly used brain-altering medications do more harm than good in the long run, and that this is contributing to the shocking increase in disability due to mental illness (see Anatomy of an Epidemic by Robert Whitaker) . We need an approach based on good science that can objectively identify and treat the individual needs of each child, and is sustainable because it supports normal brain function.
Use the Parents’ Guide to Brain Health as a checklist to consider possible underlying causes that can be restored to normal function if found to be wanting. Each item is a critical factor that, if deficient, is a potential ‘deal-breaker’ for brain health—despite the best behavioral interventions, chemical ‘manipulation’ and educational supports.
Each item has a brief description and the kind of test to do if an objective investigation is indicated. There is an internet link to a selection of scientific studies that validate its importance. While not a ‘self-help manual’, the Guide will allow you to ask the right questions (always necessary for finding the right answers). Use it to work with your health care provider and educator as a ‘road map’ for your child’s brain health.
Naturally, not every item pertains to every child who is having learning, behavioral or developmental problems. A professional practitioner trained and experienced in the functional medicine approach can help you determine which ones are likely to be important for your child, as well as how to reliably test them. With functional medicine, getting objective answers to the right questions is the foundation for a successful and sustainable treatment strategy.
Can the Guide be used to optimize brain health even when there are no overt problems? Yes, because the functional approach always examines underlying causes and uses physiological and sustainable therapies to optimize function.
Science in this field is rapidly advancing so the Parents’ Guide To Brain Health as well as other authoritative texts are always a ‘work in progress’. We suggest you check back monthly for updates as new advances emerge. While many of the scientific studies referenced mention ADHD the principles illustrated apply to most cognitive or emotional disorders. Additionally, there is evidence that ADHD in young children is a predictor of major depression and suicide in adolescence.
WHY BE CONCERNED ABOUT THE BRAIN?
What evidence is there that the brain is involved in disorders of learning and behavior? Click here for a sampling of studies from the scientific literature that validate this.
BRAIN INFLAMMATION, ALLERGY AND AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE
Inflammation is ‘enemy number one’ for healthy brain development and brain degeneration. It can be necessary but also harmful. Necessary inflammation occurs when the immune system acts to eliminate a disease-causing microbe, clear harmful materials, or eliminate malignant cells. Harmful inflammation happens when the immune system damages the body’s own tissues, including the brain, due to allergy and autoimmunity. Click here for scientific studies that show the role of brain inflammation in disorders of learning, behavior and development.
How to test: brain inflammation due to allergy or autoimmunity is so common that it should be considered in any case. However, this topic requires collaboration with a practitioner experienced with the advanced tests for profiling immune system dysregulation when necessary.
BLOOD SUGAR AND INSULIN
Nothing else wrecks the brain and any efforts to fix it as much as blood sugar dysregulation, whether too low (hypoglycemia) or too much (insulin resistance). Click here for scientific studies that show the role of blood sugar dysregulation in disorders of learning, behavior and development.
How to test: does your child crave sweet or starchy food? Does behavior take a turn for the worse between meals? This is not normal and has a significant effect on the brain each time it happens. Blood sugar dysregulation leaves its imprint on a standard blood test that includes the usual glucose, hemoglobin A1c, fats and liver enzymes.
ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS
The brain is made mostly of fat. The right balance of fatty acids prevents excessive inflammation and is necessary for the brain cell membranes to transmit their electrical impulses normally. Click here for scientific studies that show the role of essential fatty acids in disorders of learning, behavior and development.
How to test: when necessary, the amounts and ratios of essential fatty acids are measured with a blood test that can now be collected at home with a finger prick (similar to measuring blood sugar at home).
There are a number of factors that can prevent your child’s brain from getting enough oxygen. Even suboptimal levels can significantly affect performance. Borderline anemia and iron deficiency impairs the ability of every cell in the body to do its work, especially the brain because it needs so much. Problems with breathing can also contribute. Click here for some of the science on the effect of suboptimal cerebral oxygen perfusion on disorders of learning and behavior.
How to test: anemia and iron deficiency are easily screened for with standard blood tests (if the more precise functional reference ranges are used). When indicated, oxygen saturation and excessive ventilation of carbon dioxide (which impairs the release of oxygen from the blood into the tissues) are easily tested in the office non-invasively.
Genetic and circumstantial needs vary widely for the macro and micronutrients essential for the brain to generate its energy, protect itself from oxidative stress, eliminate wastes, and carry out its other complex metabolic activities. Click here for some of the science on metabolic cofactors in disorders of learning, development and behavior.
How to test: there are a number of ways to examine whether an individual’s needs are being met that should be considered according to each case, but special mention should be made of urinary organic acids.
ENVIRONMENTAL TOXINS AND TRAUMA
The human race is now subject to an environment pervaded by chemicals foreign to our ancient biochemistry for which we are not genetically adapted. Individuals vary widely in their ability to handle this. For some, exposure to an environmental contaminant at a level tolerated by others will cause problems for the brain. Click here for some of the scientific evidence for the role of toxins and trauma in disorders of learning, development and behavior.
How to test: a discerning clinician can help you decide if this issue needs to be examined for your child. Depending on the concern there are a number of testing resources available, but mention should be made of the urinary porphyrins profile as a screening tool.